Web address of this article is http://sfhelp.org/pro/req/resources.htm
This article outlines the last requisite for effective service to these
of family client - special resources for clients and clinical professionals.
One of five common relationship
for American single and stepfamily co-parents is
(lack of knowledge) ]. Typical co-parents don't know what they need to know
about relationships, healthy
stepfamily basics. So an ongoing part of
work is assessing how much client adults and other involved professionals
know about these topics, and providing and/or referring them to
selected print, media, and organizational resources.
For cost-effective long-term
service to these clients,
typical human-service professionals and their
organizations need to augment existing resources with...
referral network of qualified
(a) human and (b)
media resources, and...
an inventory of educational materials
for (a) divorced-family and stepfamily clients and (b) unqualified colleagues in
This article outlines typical resources for (a) professionals and (b) these
clients in both categories.
six types of client family are usually more complex, stressed, and needy than
other types. Therefore, they and their therapists often need several kinds of
qualified lay and professional support as the work unfolds.
Implication: to build an effective referral network of human
resources, therapists, supervisors, and administrators must be qualified
Client-families May Need:
qualified pre-re/marriage counselor
qualified family-life educator
qualified grief (a) specialist and (b) support group
qualified trauma-recovery (a) clinician and (b) support group/s
qualified child therapist, tutor, and/or
qualified clergyperson or pastoral counselor
qualified professional mediator
qualified school counselor/social worker
qualified financial advisor (for estate planning, taxes,
wills, and insurance)
psychiatrist, family doctor, and/or clinic
qualified pharmacist and/or dietician
high-nurturance co-parent support group
appropriate 12-step recovery groups
local law-enforcement officials
qualified hospice worker
A qualified supervisor and administration
An qualified intake worker or staff
Qualified co-therapists and consultants
case-consultation / support group, and...
to each of these client resources
Most communities have
one or more licensed professionals in the categories above. The challenge is for
therapists to evaluate each of them to see if...
they're usually guided by
have requisite attitudes, and...
know enough about typical divorced-family and stepfamily _ systems and _ their
common surface and underlying primary problems
professionals aren't aware of or trained in these three areas and don't know
they need these requisites (or where to get them), typical clinicians
must choose whether to refer co-parents to unqualified specialists, and/or
proactively motivate local specialists to self-qualify for effective work with
divorced and stepfamily co-parents and their kids and kin.
The inherent challenge
here in building an effective, qualified human-resource network is that _
professionals (and their schools and licensing bodies),
and _ typical
co-parent-clients believe they know enough, and see no need to qualify. Their
ignorance and wounds are self-replicating. Recall: one of five widespread
hazards for these at-risk families is adult
1) Whether in working individually or part of a
formal or informal case team, most stepfamily professionals need the
consistent sensitive support of an informed supervisor, case
manager, and/or clinical program director.
By definition, such a
person needs to have most of these five sets of special attributes to
provide effec-tive support to the primary professional/s. Such people
need their own informed support from their superiors, boards,
administrators, policy makers, and funders.
2) Skilled, informed intake
workers can save direct-service professionals valuable time by taking
and gross-evaluating complex information about new client families.
Organizational and clinical directors can significantly support their staffs
- and clients - by hiring, training, and supervising such workers.
"Standard" intake protocols designed by people unfamiliar with the
key ideas at this site (or equivalent) are likely to miss much significant
information, because of the unique, complex nature of
with other multi-problem clients, stepfamily professionals need competent,
informed professional consultation support from other knowledgeable,
objective, undistracted, professionals directed by their
This support needs to be from (a) available worksite colleagues, as in
a regular case review or consultation group, and (b) strategically,
from similar other-discipline colleagues. For example, stepfamily cases
often need situational (problem-oriented) integrated inputs from teachers
and school counselors, family-law practitioners, (including professional
mediators), psychological evaluators, doctors and nutritionists, pastoral
advisors, and sometimes financial professionals.
Because the range of "regular" + special knowledge
and skills required by these clients is so broad, a provider or case team
- including co-therapists - is often the most cost-effective way of
providing the full range of skills in an integrated way.
4) Human-service professionals urgently need an integrated
and related resources
available in their workplace. Alternatively, they need those from
their national or local professional organization (e.g. NASW, APA, ABA, or
AMA) and/or their state's human-services department.
The resources -
like a library - need to cover both clients'
special needs, and the professionals' own needs.
These needs often include the names, credentials, and contact options of a
range of local professional specialists who are known to provide empathic, informed
service to divorced-family and stepfamily clients.
5) Direct-service professionals need national,
state, association, and local-organization policy support to
work effectively with divorced-family and stepfamily clients. Fully
effective clinical work usually passes through at least three phases, over
many months and visits.
An EAP or HMO policy (for example) that limits the
number of paid clinical visits for stepfamily "problem" to - say -
six or eight hours or visits - will probably frustrate everyone involved
unless the problem is minor. More detail, and suggestions about this, is
beyond the scope of this site, presently.
Media and Print Resources
This section augments these lay resources for single and
stepfamily co-parents and
their supporters - selected books, games, periodicals, organizations, and web
links. These web pages are representative vs. comprehensive, because new
resources appear all the time, and there are good ones that I'm not aware of.
If you know of any resources that typical professionals could use with these
clients, please let me know!
cost-effective way to raise clients' awareness and (potentially) motivate them
between sessions is through strategic use of brief, factual handouts.
Web page in this site can be printed*, copied, distribu-ted strategically, and used for
fruitful assessment, education, and discussion. Most of these pages are
inte-grated into this series of guidebooks. These pages fall into several
categories: (a) educational articles, (b) self-evaluation checklists
and worksheets, and (c) resource summaries. Their content can also be grouped
by main topic:
General information about stepfamilies
Overviews, subtopics, and link-maps for each of
Basics articles, worksheets, and
quizzes on _ stepfamilies,
A free self-improvement marriage-evaluation
course for courting co-parents;
Solutions articles describing over 90
common individual stepfamily surface problems, and options for resolving the
primary problems underneath them; and...
Selected reprints of other authors' articles and
Printing these Web pages will lose
the embedded hyperlinks that allow readers to explore selected ideas in more
detail. To preserve these links for
clients (or co-workers) with Internet access, convert selected pages to ".pdf"
format using Adobe Acrobat, after editing all links to absolute form.
If you wish to convert any Web page in this site,
email me - I'm glad to email you the
.pdf-format article at no charge. Most articles are designed to be
independent, so there is significant redundancy in their con-tent. Some
articles span multiple Web pages.
locate selected articles to hand out,
use the links above, the
or this table:
Links below will
take you to Amazon.com and more information about each title.
Titles below are grouped by...
family") Organization and Function (Lesson 1)
clinician John Rowan's book "Subpersonalities" below has a nine-page
single-spaced bibliography on published writings about theoretical and applied
aspects of personality, Self, multiplicity, dissociation, perception, and
behavior. The titles here below are representative. The
below indicates a book that
has significantly shaped my views and this site.
Assagioli, Roberto, M.D. -
Pychosynthesis - a Collection of Basic Writings; The
Synthesis Center, Amherst, MA; 2000.
Beahrs, J. O., M.D. -
and Multiplicity - Multilevel Consciousness of Self in Hypnosis, Psychiatric
Disorder, and Mental Health; Brunner/Mazel, New York, NY; 1982. This is
out of print, and worth searching for.
Chase, Trudi. ("the Troops") -
Rabbit Howls; Jove Books, New York, NY; 1987
Crabtree, A. - Multiple Man:
Explorations In Possession and Multiple Personality, Praeger, New York,
and Rowan, John., Eds. -
Plural Self - Multiplicity in Everyday Life; SAGE Publications;
London, Thousand Oaks, CA; 1999
Emmerson, Gordon -
Ego State Therapy; Crown House Publishing; 2003
Goulding, Regina A. J.D.,
and Schwartz, Richard C., Ph.D. -
Mosaic Mind - Empowering the Tormented Selves of Child Abuse Survivors;
Norton Professional Books, New York, NY; 1995.
Grof, Christine, and Grof, Stanislav., M.D. -
Stormy Search for Self - A Guide to Personal Growth Through
Transformational Crisis; Jeremy P. Tarcher/Perigee Books, Los
Angeles, CA; 1990
Hilgard, Earnest R. -
Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action; John Wiley
& Sons, New York, NY; 1979
Johnson, Robert A. -
Work: Using Dreams and Active Imagination for Personal Growth;
Harper, San Francisco, CA; 1986. This is a clear, non-clinical guide to
understanding and using two techniques to help meet your inner subselves,
and learn what they need you (your Self) to know.
Masterson, James F. - "The
Search for the Real Self - Unmasking the Personality Disorders of Our
Age; the Free Press, New York, NY; paperback, 1988. Veteran
psychoanalyst Masterson writes clearly and compellingly of the creation of
false selves from "abandonment depression" during the first three
years of life. The bulk of the book explains and sketches related defenses
and (psychoanalytic) treatment for Borderline and
disorders, based on his theory of splitting, and deflated and inflated egos.
Written before commonplace multiplicity gained clinical acceptance. Well
worth reading, even if you're not a Freudian.
Rowan, John -
- The People Within Us; Routledge, London and New York, NY; 1995.
Written for clinically-oriented lay readers. The depth and scope of Rowan's
research on, and experience with, subselves shine through. Curiously, he
skirts the question of who's in charge of our subpersonalities.
McArthur, Dorothea S., Ph.D. -
of a Self in Adulthood; Jason Aronson, Inc., Northvale, NJ, London; 1996
Ornstein, Robert -
Houghton Mifflin, New York, NY; 1986
Satir, Virginia -
Many Faces, Celestial Arts, Berkely, CA; 1978
Shapiro, Stuart. B. -
Selves Inside You, Explorations Institute, Berkeley, CA; 1976
Sliker, Gretchen. -
Mind; Shambhala, Boston, MA.; 1992
Schwartz, Richard C.; Ph.D.;
Internal Family Systems Therapy; Guilford Press, New York, NY; 1995
Stone, Hal, Ph.D.;
and Winkleman, Sidra, Ph.D.;
Our Selves - the Voice Dialogue Manual; New World Library, San
Rafael, CA; 1989
Watkins, John G., and Johnson, Robert.
We, the Divided Self; Irvington, New York, NY; 1982
Watkins, John. G., and Watkins, Helen.
H. - Theory and Practice of Ego-state Therapy: a Short-term Therapeutic
Approach, in Henry Grayson (ed.)
Term Approaches to Psychotherapy; Human Sciences Press; London, 1979
Watkins, John G. and
Watkins, Helen H. -
Ego states: Theory and Therapy; W,. W. Norton, New York, NY;
Watkins, Mary -
Guests: The Development of Imaginal Dialogs; Spring
Donald Wood - Wikipedia excerpt on true Self and
Bowen, Murray, M.D. -
Therapy in Clinical Practice; Jason Aronson, New York, NY; 1978
Carter, Elizabeth A., ACSW;
and McGoldrick, Monica, ACSW -
Family Life Cycle - A Framework for Family Therapy; Gardner Press,
Inc; New York, NY; 1980
Fisch, Richard; Weakland, John
H., & Segal, Lynn;
Tactics of Change - Doing Therapy Briefly; Jossey-Bass Publishers,
San Francisco, CA; 1982
Haley, Jay, Ph.D. (Ed.) -
Families - a Family Therapy Reader; Grune & Stratton, Inc.,
New York, NY; 1971
Haley, Jay, Ph.D.;
Solving Therapy; Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco, CA;
Minuchin, Salvador, M.D.;
& Family Therapy; Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA; 1971
Neill, John R., and Kniskern,
David P. (eds.) -
Psyche to System - the Evolving Therapy of Carl Whitaker; Guilford
Press, New York, NY; 1982
Palazzoli, Maria Selvini, M.D.; et. al;
and Counterparadox - A New Model in the Therapy of the Family in
Schizophrenic Transaction; Jason Aronson, New York, NY; 1978
Papp, Peggy, MSW; -
Process of Change; Guilford Press; New York, NY; 1983;
Satir, Virginia -
Family Therapy; Science and Behavior Books, Palo Alto, CA; 1967
Watzlawick, Paul, Ph.D.;
Language of Change - Elements of Therapeutic Communication;
Basic Books, New York, NY; 1978
Zeig, Jeffery K.; Ph.D. (ed.);
Ericksonian Approaches to Hypnosis and Psychotherapy;
Brunner/Mazel Publishers, New York, NY; 1982
Stepfamily Theory and Therapy
Berger, Roni; Ph.D., C.S.W. -
a Multidimensional Perspective; Haworth
Bray, Dr. James H., and
Stepfamilies - Love, Marriage, and Parenting in the First Decade;
Broadway Books, New York, NY; 1998
Burt, Mala S., and Burt, Roger
- the Step by Step Model of Brief Therapy; Brunner/Mazel, New
York, NY; 1996
Huntley, Debra K., (Ed.) -
Stepfamilies - Implications for Assessment and Treatment; Family
Psychology and Counseling Series, xxxx;1995
Levin, Irene, and Sussman,
History, Research, and Policy; Haworth Press; 1997
Papernow, Patricia L. -
a Stepfamily: Patterns of Development in Remarried Families; Gestalt
Institute of Cleveland; 1998
Pasley, Kay, Ed. D.; and Ihinger-Tallman, Marilyn, Ph.D. (Eds.) -
& Stepparenting - Current Research & Theory; Guilford Press;
New York, NY; 1987
Pasley, Kay, Ed. D.; and Ihinger-Tallman, Marilyn, Ph.D. (Eds.) -
- Issues in Theory, Research, and Practice; Greenwood Publishing Group, xxx;
Sager, Clifford. J., M.D.; et.
the Remarried Family; Brunner/Mazel, Inc.; New York, NY; 1983
Visher, Emily B., Ph.D., and Visher, John S., Ph.D. -
With Stepfamilies; Brunner/Mazel Publishers; New York, NY; 1996
Wald, Esther -
Remarried Family - the Challenge and the Promise; Family Service
Association of America; New York, NY; 1981
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